The Cable

Obama’s envoy to Sudan stepping down

U.S. President Barack Obama announced Monday that his special envoy to Sudan, Amb. Princeton Lyman, will leave the administration. Human rights groups are hoping his replacement comes with a Sudan policy focused more on protecting the country's oppressed.

"Princeton has done a tremendous job in helping to realize the promise of an independent South Sudan, and working toward the international vision of Sudan and South Sudan living side by side in peace," Obama said in a statement. "The people of Sudan and South Sudan, who have suffered so much, have the opportunity to seize a brighter future because of Princeton's efforts to urge both sides to put the interests of their people first." 

Lyman will stay in his position until a new envoy is named, and he left Tuesday on a trip that will take him to Juba, South Sudan, and Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the State Department said. In Juba, Lyman will meet with government officials, civil society leaders, and representatives of international organizations.

"Ambassador Lyman's visit comes at a critical time in the delayed implementation of the historic agreements between Sudan and South Sudan signed on September 27.  The Sudanese and South Sudanese people deserve swift and complete implementation of these agreements, as called for by the AU Peace and Security Council in its October 24 communiqué," the State Department said in a statement. "Special Envoy Lyman will engage South Sudan on the resolution of outstanding issues, such as the disputed area of Abyei, and the implementation of the crucial agreements, including the creation of the safe demilitarized border zone and the resumption of oil production between the two countries.""

In Ethiopia, Lyman will attend a meeting of the Joint Political and Security Mechanism being convened by the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel Chairman Thabo Mbeki, the multilateral mechanism meant to solve the outstanding issues between Juba and Khartoum. 

Sen. Chris Coons (D-DE), chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on African Affairs, praised Lyman in a statement Monday. 

"Ambassador Princeton Lyman is a quintessential diplomat, problem solver, and human rights advocate, and I am saddened to learn of his departure as U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan and South Sudan," Coons said.

Seventy-six U.S.-based human rights organizations wrote to Obama today to urge him to shift U.S. Sudan policy in his second term toward more focus on preventing mass atrocities.

Among the concerns of the human rights community are that humanitarian situation in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile is getting worse, including widespread suffering, food shortages, human rights abuses, fear, displacement and loss of life. Humanitarian access to all areas of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile is difficult and aid groups are worries that the ongoing conflict and humanitarian crisis in those two areas has the potential to undermine the fragile peace between Sudan and South Sudan.

The letter requests that the Obama administration deliver humanitarian aid to starving Sudanese civilians even absent agreement from the government of Sudan, instruct the National Security Council to accelerate decisions on protection of vulnerable populations from air attacks, and to seriously consider the destruction of Sudan's offensive aerial assets and the imposition of a no-fly zone.

"In your first term, your administration pursued a policy of engagement, marked by conciliatory diplomacy," the letter states. "Under the oversight of two Special Envoys, this policy has failed to stop the government of Sudan from committing ongoing mass atrocities. We now ask that you revamp your Sudan policy to address the root cause of Sudan's multiple conflicts, the repressive and genocidal Sudan regime."

The Cable

Senators call on Georgian prime minister to avoid political retribution

A bipartisan group of U.S. senators wrote to Bidzina Ivanishvili late last week to urge the Georgian prime minister to prove to the world that Georgia is not using its courts to exert political retribution on the officials of the former government of President Mikheil Saakashvili.

"We are deeply troubled by reports of detentions, investigations, imprisonment and allege persecution of political figures associated with the opposition party in Georgia," wrote Sens. Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH), Joe Lieberman (I-CT), James Risch (R-ID), Lindsey Graham (R-SC), and John McCain (R-AZ), in a Dec. 6 letter obtained by The Cable. "We write today to express our growing concerns about the possibility that these moves are politically motivated and designed to settle political scores in the aftermath of the recent election. We urge you to ensure that your administration does everything necessary to avoid even the perception of selective justice against member of the previous government."

In the weeks since the Georgian Dream Party, led by billionaire Ivanishvili, won parliamentary elections, high-level U.S. and European officials have expressed concern that the prosecutions -- amounting thus far to 23 officials of the previous government for alleged crimes including corruption and torture -- are politically motivated.

Shaheen and Risch traveled to Georgia to observe the elections and praised both sides at the time. But now they are warning that Georgia's relationship with the world and with the United States in particular depends on the new government continuing down the road of democratic reform and ensuring the rule of law, political pluralism, and a culture of cooperation with the opposition.

The senators directly referenced The Cable's interview last month with Georgian Foreign Minister Maia Panjikidze as evidence that Georgia's new government is not upholding its promises to let the legal system operate absent political influence.

"We welcome your words ruling out selective justice, but we regret to say that we are deeply concerned by developments this far. Especially troubling were the recent comments from your foreign minister, Ms. Maia Panjikidze, when she declared that former Georgian officials are ‘criminals and guilty,'" they wrote. "Guilt and innocence should be determined by an impartial court, to do otherwise undermines the rule of law."

"This year's parliamentary elections were no doubt divisive; however, the campaign is over," they wrote.