The Cable

Kerry: We have many options to help the Syrian people fight back

The Syrian people have the right to fight back against their government and the international community has several options to help them in that regard, Senate Foreign Relations Committee chairman John Kerry (D-MA) said Saturday.

As the tempo and intensity of Bashar al-Assad regime's violence against civilian accelerates and the U.N. Security Council remains paralyzed, the United States and its partners are planning their next steps. As a press conference Saturday night at the 2012 Munich Security Conference, several members of the U.S. congressional delegation laid out several ideas under consideration for protecting the Syrian people.

"There are many different options as to how we can do that," said Kerry. "There are the early beginnings of a civil war taking place in Syria. And if the government is going to kill randomly, people deserve the right to defend and fight for themselves."

Kerry declined to specify what steps Washington might take to directly support the internal Syrian opposition or the Free Syria Army, the ragtag defectors who have taken up arms against Assad, but he warned the Syrian government and its supporters Russia and China that the United States would not stand idly by.

"Syria is not Libya," Kerry said. "But nobody should interpret that statement to suggest that it means that Syrian leaders can rely on the notion that they can act with impunity and not expect the international community to assist the Syrian people in some way."

He also insisted that there will be another round of negotiations on a Security Council resolution regarding Syria, despite the vetoes by Russia and China that followed last week's efforts to build world consensus on the way forward.

"I'm confident this will be revisited," Kerry said. "Secretary [of State Hillary] Clinton and Ambassador [to the U.N. Susan] Rice are prepared in a competent way to embrace Russian and Chinese concerns, but not in ways that would undermine the ability of the people in Syria to have their voices heard or to be oppressed or create a longer stalemate."

He continued: "I think that balance can be found, I'm confident it will be found. There will be another shot at the effort but it is really important for Russia and China, critical leaders in the world today [to join us]. They have an opportunity in the next days to step up and were inviting them to do so. I hope they will join us on such a critical statement with respect to rights of innocent people."

Speaking at the press conference in Munich Sunday night, congressional delegation leaders John McCain (R-AZ) and Joseph Lieberman (I-CT) laid out more specific ideas on how the international community can help the people of Syria.

"There's a lot we can do to provide moral support and to provide material support, along with Turkey and other nations, in assisting these people with medical care and other assistance," McCain said. "I do not know how Russia and China can represent themselves as members of the world community and still oppose a resolution that would help bring this bloodletting to an end."

Lieberman said he hopes some sense could be talked to the Russians and the Chinese and that the Security Council would work on another resolution.

"But if that doesn't work I don't think we can just stand by. I hope the international community and the U.S. will provide assistance to the Syrian Free Army in the various ways we can. I hope we will work with Turkey and Jordan to create safe havens on the borders of those two countries with Syria," Lieberman said. "What's happening in Syria today is exactly what we got involve in Libya to stop from happening.... I understand Syria is more complicated, but one choice we don't have is just to stand back and let the government kill people who are fighting for their own freedom."

Speaking on Monday in Bulgaria, Clinton laid out the most specific ideas to date about how the Obama administration plans to move forward on the issue.

"So what do we do?  Well, faced with a neutered Security Council, we have to redouble our efforts outside of the United Nations with those allies and partners who support the Syrian people's right to have a better future.  We have to increase diplomatic pressure on the Assad regime and work to convince those people around President Assad that he must go, and that there has to be a recognition of that and a new start to try to form a government that will represent all of the people of Syria," she said.

The Obama administration will seek new regional and international sanctions against Syria and will try to expose those who are still funding and arming the regime, Clinton said. She also promised to increase contacts with the Syrian opposition and provide humanitarian relief to the Syrian people.

Clinton didn't, however, promise another run at the Security Council, indicating only that more diplomatic efforts were on the way.

"Over the coming days, I will be consulting closely with our allies and partners in Europe, in the Arab League, and around the world," she said. "So we will be consulting with the foreign minister here and others about what we can do to rescue this deteriorating situation before it's too late."

The Cable

Nobel Peace Prize winner: Please protect the Syrian people

On Sunday, 2011 Nobel Peace Laureate Tawakkul Karman gave a keynote speech on the situation in the Middle East to the 2012 Munich Security Conference. She condemned Russia and China for vetoing the Arab League resolution on the violence in Syria and called on the international community to protect the Syrian civilian population.

Here are some excerpts of her remarks:

"At this very moment, the regime of [Syrian President] Bashar al-Assad is killing hundreds and injuring thousands of the great Syrian people, the people who are demanding freedom and democracy. He committed a horrible massacre [Saturday] in the city of Homs and it is just a continuation of the daily massacres in this brave city, this city which is the brave core and the heart of this peaceful Syrian revolution.

Bashar is committing these crimes shamefully backed by Russia and China, two of the permanent members of the U.N. Security Council, the Security Council that is supposed to promote peace and security in the world and stand by the weak and stand by those who experience injustice.

Russia and China are refusing to take international measures that would protect the Syrian people and that would punish the Syrian regime. Those two countries bear the moral and human responsibility for these massacres. I, under the name of Arab youth, from the ocean to the Gulf, in the name of these brave Arab Youth, declare our complete condemnation of these two countries, which are supporting the criminal regime of Bashar al-Assad.

I, in the name of the young people in the Arab countries, declare out complete condemnation of these two countries, and at the same time I declare our appreciation of the position of the other 13 members of the Security Council, which endorsed the draft resolution presented by the Arab League [Saturday], especially the United States, Germany, France, and the UK.

And I urge you, in the name of your governments, to condemn this war. And I urge you to spare no efforts to take the necessary measures to protect the Syrian people. And just to remind you, peace between countries is no more important than peace within countries. The war of dictators on their people is not less criminal, not less violating than the wars led between countries.

The war that Bashar al-Assad is leading against his own people is a war against humanity and his atrocities are provocative to the human conscience and this requires a very firm stance by the international community. The human conscience cannot rest, you cannot rest, when you see the patient and peaceful Syrian young people's blood is shed on the streets.

We are looking forward to the victory by the great Syrian people the people who are aspiring to achieve democracy and justice and freedom.  We have to stand by them and protect them and prove to them and to the tyrants that international legitimacy, international conventions, and interational values are more important and stronger than the weapons of the tyrants and greater than their oppression."

I urge you, in the name of the peaceful rebels, to expel Syrian ambassadors from your countries and I urge you to call back your ambassadors from Syria, and that is the minimum that you can do to punish the Syrian regime. And I also urge you to take the necessary measures to protect the Syrian people.

We have to know that we cannot achieve stability in the Middle East unless we undergo a complete democratic transformation and unless these societies enjoy democracy and good governance. Otherwise the Middle East would be destined to face instability and lack of security. Security in the Middle East is dependent on the transition to democracy and good governance. The corrupt regimes and the negativism that is prevailing in these countries sows the seeds for terrorism, for crises, for a lack of stability. And I stress again that the stability in Arab countries is of interest to the whole international community.

The dictator who kills his own people is violating human values, human conventions, and international agreements. As a result, what the Arab countries are exposed to now, the oppression they are experiencing, constitute a true threat to international peace."

Johannes Simon/Getty Images