GOP presidential candidate Newt Gingrich is rolling out his foreign policy and national
security team today, as the candidates get ready to spar on foreign policy
Newt's team, which has been working together
informally for months, is led by Herman Pirchner,
the founding president of a small, conservative think tank in Washington called
the American Foreign
Policy Council (AFPC). Also on Team Newt is AFPC Vice
President Ilan Berman and AFPC Senior
Fellow for Asian Studies Stephen Yates,
a former staffer for Vice President Dick
Cheney's top Middle East advisor David Wurmser is also part of the Newt
campaign advisory team, along with former President Ronald Reagan's National Security Advisor Robert McFarlane, Reagan-era National Security Council (NSC) senior
directors Norman Bailey and Ken deGraffenreid, Reagan-era Undersecretary
of State for security assistance, science, and technology Bill Schneider, former CIA Director James Woolsey, and others. We're also told Newt is talking to
former Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen. Peter
Pace and former Central Command head Gen. John Abizaid.
If Newt's foreign policy team seems a little long in
the tooth, it is. Most of these experts have known Newt for decades, and see
themselves as helping a candidate who already boasts a long track record and well-formed
intellectual identity when it comes to foreign policy.
"I have depended on the counsel of this world-class
group of experts throughout my career, and I am honored that they have decided
to be with me as we work to ensure that the United States remains the safest,
strongest, and freest country in the world," Gingrich said in his Tuesday press
release. "I look forward to drawing on their vast knowledge and experience as
we assert our vision of an exceptional America that, contrary to what Barack
Obama may believe, will continue to be both the world's leading power and most
assiduous defender of freedom for generations to come."
"In order to lead, one must have a comprehensive
knowledge of world issues and dynamics that can only come
from decades of study and experience," said Pirchner. "I have worked with Speaker Gingrich for many
years, and in these dangerous times, he is by far the best candidate to lead
when American lives and American interests are at stake."
As House speaker, Gingrich weighed
on the U.S. interventions in Bosnia, Kosovo, and Haiti and was a key supporter
of North American Free Trade Agreement and other major Clinton-era trade deals.
Since leaving politics, he has researched, as an independent scholar, the roles
and Pope John
Paul II in the closing days of the Cold War. He
holds a PhD in modern European history.
As to his stance on foreign policy, Gingrich is not
a realist in the sense of Henry
Kissinger or Brent Scowcroft, nor is he a neoconservative
in the model often attributed to Paul Wolfowitz
or Doug Feith.
"I don't think either of those labels would apply to
Newt Gingrich," Yates told The Cable
today. "His world view is one that emphasizes being actively competitive. We
don't need to impose our will in the world but we ought not to be hiding behind
For a more detailed idea of how President Gingrich
would organize his national security and foreign policy priorities, a campaign
advisor provided to The Cable a memo Newt
sent to the Defense Department leadership in 2003 titled "Seven
"We need an elevated debate about the larger zone
of American security and the threats to that security," Newt wrote.
He advocated that the
debate over national security should aim to divide the nation into three
factions: "Those who would hide and ignore reality (essentially the
McGovern-Dean Democrats), those who pretend to be responsible but really
want to carp and complain without an effective alternative, and those who
understand that this will be a hard campaign and may take years and will
Newt also advocated
strong support for moderate Palestinians who were fighting against Hamas for
control of Palestinian society and government.
"The only hope for peace
between Israel and the Palestinian people is for the United States to overtly
ally with those Palestinians who will accept Israel if they have safety,
health, prosperity and freedom and in this alliance defeat and ultimately
eliminate the threat of the terrorists, " he wrote. "Victory in the
Israel-Palestinian conflict thus inherently means victory both in a campaign against terrorists and in a campaign to build a safe,
healthy, prosperous, free Palestinian society."
Several members of
Newt's foreign policy team will be on hand tonight for the AEI/Heritage/CNN
foreign policy-focused presidential debate. Your humble Cable guy and Foreign Policy's Election 2012 team will be at
the debate and covering it in real time, so watch this space.
For a rundown of Newt's foreign policy positions during
this campaign season, check out his profile on FP's new Election 2012 channel here.
See a full list of Newt's foreign policy advisory team with bios after the
Norman A. Bailey
is an Adjunct Professor of Economic Statecraft at the Institute of World
Politics in Washington and President of the Institute for Global Economic
Growth. Dr. Bailey served as a professor
at the City University of New York until 1981, when President Reagan appointed
him Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Senior
Director of International Economic Affairs on the staff of the National
Security Council. Since 1984 Dr. Bailey has been an international economic
consultant to governments, government agencies, corporations, banks, investment
banking firms, trade associations and trading companies on five continents.
is Vice President of the American Foreign Policy Council in Washington, DC. An
expert on regional security in the Middle East, Central Asia, and the Russian
Federation, he has consulted for both the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency and
the U.S. Department of Defense. Mr. Berman is a member of the Associated
Faculty at Missouri State University's Department of Defense and Strategic
Studies. He also serves as a member of the reconstituted Committee on the
Present Danger, a columnist for Forbes.com, and as Editor of The Journal of
International Security Affairs.
Professor of Intelligence Studies at The Institute of World Politics.
Following service in the US Navy as a naval aviator
and intelligence officer, he was appointed to President Reagan's National
Security Council in 1981. Mr.
deGraffenreid was Senior Director of Intelligence Programs at the National
Security Council from 1981 to 1987, when he was charged with evaluating and
coordinating a broad range of intelligence, counterintelligence, security
countermeasures, space policy, arms control, strategic nuclear and command,
control and communications issues. He served at the Pentagon in the second Bush
Administration as Deputy Under-Secretary of Defense for Policy, then as Deputy
National Counterintelligence Executive at the Central Intelligence Agency.
Robert McFarlane has
had a distinguished record of public service including ten years in ?the
White House and State Department serving variously as Military Advisor to Henry
and Brent Scowcroft, Counselor to the Secretary of State and rising ultimately ?to
serve President Reagan as his National Security Advisor. He is perhaps best
remembered as the architect of the comprehensive set of U.S. policies?-
including most notably the Strategic Defense Initiative - which so?stressed
the Soviet economy as to bring it down and in the process accelerated the?collapse
of Marxism in the former Soviet Union. He is a graduate of the US Naval?Academy
and served in the US Marine Corps (where he commanded an artillery battery in?the
first landing of American forces in Vietnam).
Herman Pirchner is the founding President of the American Foreign
Policy Council (AFPC), a non-profit public policy organization headquartered in
Washington, DC since 1982. Under his leadership, AFPC has hosted the Washington
visits of hundreds of foreign officials, ranging from the Prime Minister of
Malta to the Prime Minister of Russia; conducted hundreds of briefings for
members of Congress and their staffs; and organized dozens of fact-finding
missions abroad for current and former senior American officials. Prior to
founding AFPC, Pirchner worked for current Iowa Senator Charles Grassley and
former Iowa Senator Roger Jepsen.
is the Director of International and
Government Relations for the Becket Fund, a non-profit, public-interest legal
and educational institute that protects the free expression of all faiths.
Previously, she served in a number of positions in Congress as a senior foreign
policy advisor and expert on international religious freedom, and helped
establish and direct the Congressional International Religious Freedom Caucus. Ms. Ramirez and the Caucus played a critical
role in raising the profile of numerous religious freedom issues in Congress
and with both the Bush and Obama Administrations, leading to the release of
many individuals imprisoned for their faith and ensuring relief for many suffering
under religious persecution.
is President of International Planning Services, Inc. and an Adjunct Fellow of
the Hudson Institute. Dr. Schneider served as Under Secretary of State for
Security Assistance, Science, and Technology (1982-86) under President Reagan,
following service as Associate Director for National Security and International
Affairs at the Office of Management and Budget (1981-82). He served as Chairman
of the General Advisory Committee on Arms Control and Disarmament from 1987-93,
then as Chairman of the Defense Science Board (DSB) from 2001-9, and currently
serves as a Senior Fellow of the DSB. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates awarded
Schneider the DoD's Medal for Distinguished Public Service in November 2009.
Kiron Skinner is
the W. Glenn Campbell Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution, where she is a
member of the Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy. She also is an
associate professor of international relations and politics at Carnegie Mellon
University and director of the university's Center for International Relations
and Politics. Her government service includes membership on the US
Defense Department's Defense Policy Board as an adviser on the Iraq and
Afghanistan wars (2001-7); the Chief of Naval Operations' (CNO) Executive Panel
(2004-present); the National Academies Committee on Behavioral and Social
Science Research to Improve Intelligence Analysis for National Security
(2009-11); and the National Security Education Board (2004-11).
teaches in the areas of national security and intelligence at Columbia
University's School of International and Public Affairs, and is also a Senior
Research Fellow at the Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies.
Outside of SIPA he is also a Senior Fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies
on Terrorism and serves as a consultant to several U.S. Government agencies.
Prior to joining the Columbia faculty Prof. Wagner served in the U.S.
Government, holding positions at the National Security Council, the Department
of Defense and the Intelligence Community.
James Woolsey is Chairman of Woolsey Partners LLC, a Venture Partner with
Lux Capital Management, and Chair of the Board of the Foundation for Defense of
Democracies. Mr. Woolsey previously served in
the U.S. Government on five different occasions, where he held Presidential
appointments in two Republican and two Democratic administrations, most
recently (1993-95) as Director of Central Intelligence. During his 12 years of
government service, in addition to heading the CIA and the Intelligence
Community, Mr. Woolsey was: Ambassador to the Negotiation on Conventional Armed
Forces in Europe (CFE), Vienna, 1989-1991; Under Secretary of the Navy,
1977-1979; and General Counsel to the U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Services,
1970-1973. He was also appointed by the
President to serve on a part-time basis in Geneva, Switzerland, 1983-1986, as
Delegate at Large to the U.S.-Soviet Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START) and
Nuclear and Space Arms Talks (NST).
David Wurmser is the executive and founding member of the Delphi Global
Analysis Group, LLC, where he provides analysis on the
geopolitics and economics of Israel and the Middle east. Dr. Wurmser was the senior advisor to Under Secretary of
State John Bolton at the State Department until 2003, then rose to senior
advisor to Vice President Richard Cheney on Middle East, proliferation and
strategic affairs. Before entering
government, Dr. Wurmser founded the Middle East studies program at the American
Enterprise Institute in 1996. While at AEI Dr. Wurmser, published Tyranny's
Ally: America's Failure to Defeat Saddam Hussein and over 35 articles in
has been the president of DC International?Advisory, a
consultancy, since 2006. Before opening DC International Advisory, Mr. Yates
served in the White House as Deputy Assistant to the Vice President for
National Security Affairs from 2001 through 2005. During his tenure in
government, he was deeply involved in the development and execution of U.S
foreign policy priorities in Asia, Latin America and Africa. Mr. Yates
previously served as Senior Policy Analyst at the Heritage Foundation from 1996
to 2001, and from 1991 to 1996 he served as an international affairs analyst at
the U.S. Department of Defense.