The State Department is engaged in an intensive effort to
convince Sen. John Cornyn (R-TX) to
lift his hold on the
nomination of Bill Burns as
deputy secretary of state, but Cornyn is demanding the administration clarify
its policy on Taiwan arms sales before he'll do so.
Cornyn's hold on Burns's nomination has been in place since
June 23, and it doesn't look like he will remove it any time soon. Cornyn likes
Burns personally, his staff told The
Cable, and he thinks Burns is right for the job, but Cornyn is using his power to hold up
the nomination as leverage to force the Obama administration to do two things:
release a long overdue report on Taiwan's air power capabilities to Congress, and
finally acknowledge the Taiwan government's letter of request to buy 66 F-16
fighter planes from the United States.
primary concern is that the Obama Administration has allowed China to basically
wield a veto over a U.S. arms sale that is in our national security interests,
and I am troubled by the precedent this might set for the future of U.S.-China
relations," Cornyn told The Cable. "It
is outrageous, but not surprising that they are blocking a trade deal that
supports many high-skilled jobs across the nation and would give our stalled
economy a much-needed boost."
The F-16 is built by Lockheed Martin and related jobs are
spread out over 44 states, but the bulk of the manufacturing and assembly takes
place in Texas.
The State Department has been working hard behind the scenes
to convince Cornyn to lift his hold. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has personally engaged Cornyn twice on the issue,
once in a phone call and once by approaching him in person at an unrelated
event. What's more, the State Department has been calling defense firms to ask
them to find projects that could deliver jobs to Texas as a way to compensate Cornyn
if the F-16 production line closes due to a lack of orders, according to three
sources with direct knowledge of the interactions. One of the options the
administration is considering is to offer Taiwan a package of upgrades for
their existing fleet of older F-16s, the A and B models, which would provide
Texas with a lower amount of jobs.
But Cornyn is not about to lift his hold on Burns in
exchange for some Texas defense jobs, his staffer told The Cable in an interview.
"They seem to think we can be bought off with jobs on
unrelated issues, but this is not a Texas parochial issue. This is about
allowing the Chinese to have a veto over U.S. arms sales to anybody," the
staffer said. "That's just unacceptable to let them do that, and that's exactly
Congress mandated that the Obama administration issue a
report on Taiwan's air power capabilities in the fiscal 2010 defense
authorization bill, but that report is now several months late. Cornyn's staffer
said that the Pentagon completed the report months ago but that the State
Department is holding it up, and the report was last seen sitting on the desk
of former Deputy Secretary James
"The State Department refuses to sign off on it," the
staffer said. "It's in final form, it's been sitting there since February at
the State Department, and they don't intend to sign it any time soon."
an event at the Heritage Foundation, Cornyn said that Clinton told him she
needed three more months before releasing the report, but the secretary didn't
explain why. It's possible the administration wants to wait until after Vice
President Joe Biden travels
to China to meet Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping, who is likely the next leader of the country, next month.
Our administration sources tell us that the State Department
is not holding up the report unilaterally. Rather, they say that the
administration is waiting to release parts of the report in order to have it be
accompanied by a new overall approach to the issue, which they are still
These sources also say there is some worry inside the
administration that Cornyn will not be satisfied until or unless the
administration actually agrees to sell Taiwan the planes.
As for Taiwan's letter of request to buy F-16s, the
administration has been playing a game with the Taiwanese -- telling them
privately not to submit the letter so the administration wouldn't have to
formally reject it and can continue to claim that no official request has been
But senators and lobbyists working on the F-16 issue have
been pressing the Taiwanese to just go ahead and make the request public in
order to place pressure on the administration and force them to declare their
position on the arms sales, one way or the other.
"We've been encouraging the Taiwanese to tape it to the
front door and walk away, like getting served a subpoena," said a Washington lobbyist who works on the F-16 issue. He said the Taiwanese have been trying
to get the United States to accept the letter since 2006.
Cornyn also wants the administration to acknowledge publicly
that the Taiwanese want to buy the F-16s, and then make clear either that the United
States is willing or unwilling to fulfill that request.
"If you think that selling Taiwan new F-16s is not in our
interest, then say it. Stop hiding behind this ‘we haven't received an LOR from
Taiwan' argument. We know they have just intimidated them out of submitting it. It's
just a farce," the staffer said. "Come clean and stop playing this game."
There's very little chance the Obama administration would
move forward with selling F-16s to Taiwan in the first place. The White House delayed
the delivery of a $6.2 billion arms package to Taiwan that was left over
from the Bush administration until after President Obama visited Beijing in
November 2009. But when the delivery finally went through in January 2010, the
Chinese went ballistic and cut off military-to-military relations with
The U.S. government is required by law to provide for the
defense of Taiwan under the Taiwan Relations Act, but for years the United States
has failed to provide Taiwan with the types of high-end systems that would
allow the country to maintain parity with China. Meanwhile, the Chinese
continue to stockpile missiles and other weapons on the coast opposite Taiwan.
"We have de facto ceased abiding by
the TRA," said Bush administration Pentagon China official Dan Blumenthal. "We are supposed to sell arms to Taiwan based on their
objective defense needs. Does Taiwan not need an air force? This
started under Bush and has continued under Obama."
Heading into the 2012 presidential election season, Taiwan's
friends in Washington, both on the Hill and on K Street, are preparing a new
push to elevate the F-16 debate from an insider's policy discussion into a
political issue. Their argument will be as much about jobs as U.S. national
security: They plan to make the case that if Taiwan doesn't get to buy the F-16,
the production line will close and thousands of U.S. workers will be out of a
"In the absence of the Taiwan order for 66 F-16s, the
coming closing of the F-16 line in Fort Worth, Texas heralds a double hit for
the interests of the United States that encompasses the strategic tool that the
line represents for US national security interests as well as the essential job
skills and manufacturing prowess that the F-16 supply chain and production
facility represent for the US economy," said Rupert J.
Hammond-Chambers, the president of
the U.S. Taiwan Business Council.
The advocates say
that without new orders, the F-16 production line will close in October 2013,
and new orders for parts will start to peter out as early as the end of this
year. They point to a report produced by Lockheed Martin, which makes the F-16, showing a state-by-state
breakdown of the thousands of jobs that would be lost if the jet fighter's
production line is closed.
hard hit are states such as Texas, Florida and Ohio with in excess of 1,000
high paying aerospace jobs per state lost. This will be devastating for
communities in these states indeed for all of the 40 plus states in the country
whose communities contribute to the production of F-16s," Hammond-Chambers
Meanwhile, the Burns nomination remains stalled and the
path to a compromise between Cornyn and Clinton remains unclear.
"They want the issue to go away, but we're not going to let
it go away," the Cornyn staffer said.
What's more, if Cornyn does lift his hold, that doesn't mean
it will be smooth sailing for Burns's nomination. We have confirmed that there
is at least one more GOP Senate hold on the Burns nomination due to a separate