The Cable

U.S. calls for faster action on development ahead of U.N. conference

Top U.S. development officials met with development community leaders Friday to roll out the U.S. plan for speeding up progress toward global development goals over the next five years.

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are a worldwide effort organized by the U.N. to make substantial progress on eight major areas of development through coordinated efforts by 2015. While there has been some success in each of the areas, expectations for reaching the goals in time are low ahead of a major international conference on the issue slated for September.

Friday's meeting, hosted by the U.N. Foundation, was meant to stake out the U.S. position ahead of the conference and get community leaders on board in the hope that the U.S. proposal can shape the conference. The National Security Council's senior director for global development, Gayle Smith, USAID administrator Rajiv Shah, and Rick Barton, the U.S. representative to the U.N.'s economic and social council, led the meeting.

The U.S. strategy, released online over the weekend, stresses innovation and economic growth as the keys to meeting the global targets. Innovation and "sustainability," meaning good stewardship of the programs, and governance, are also key themes.

"If we are to meet the ambitious objectives we have set, historic leaps in human development will be needed. For this reason, we must be even more determined, strategic, and focused on results as we chart the path to 2015," the document reads.

The meeting was closed, but three participants spoke on the record about it. All three said that U.S. officials and development leaders were on the same page and universally supported the document, but that much more would work would be needed to make the plan operative.

"The document states very clearly that the U.S. takes the MDGs very seriously," said Ben Hubbard, deputy chief of staff at USAID. "We're very clear that we're embracing them and thinking hard about the kind of investments and engagement we need in terms of working toward meeting them."

"Just doing more of what we've been doing is not going to get us there. We need some important shifts in our approach to make the leaps to get us on track," he said.

USAID's newly revamped policy shop prepared the document, which observers said signaled that USAID is increasing its capacity to play a larger role in setting development policy.

David Lane, CEO and president of the ONE campaign, said the document was a modern take on development that echoes where community leaders think policy should head, but noted that it could only be implemented if more detail were added later and proper resources were provided to support it.

Development community leaders hope to build international consensus around the plan ahead of next month's conference.

"Right now, this is a U.S. plan," said Lane. "The biggest challenge between now and September is how to make this more than just an American statement, and whether the U.N. will be able to build momentum around it."

Other development hands lamented the fact that the Obama administration is promoting a global development strategy before announcing its own policy framework. Two key documents -- the White House's Presidential Study Directive on Global Development (PSD-7) and the State Department's Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR), which will define the role of USAID -- have yet to be released.

"Without those policy documents, there's still not clarity about what the broader mission is beyond the MDGs and how all these pieces fit together," said Greg Adams, director of aid effectiveness at Oxfam America.

The policy documents help avoid bureaucratic delays caused by confusion and will also help mobilize support in Congress and show Obama's leadership on development issues, according to Adams.

"The president is the straw that stirs the drink. Until we hear him issue this policy, we don't know whether this plan can be operationalized," he said.

The Cable

U.S. joins Pakistan relief efforts

The U.S. government is mounting a significant response to the devastating floods in Pakistan, which have ravaged the rural Swat area and caused the worst flooding damage in 80 years.

The Obama administration pledged $10 million dollars in humanitarian assistance for Pakistan's own relief efforts and, as of Monday morning, 10 separate supply flights have flown 189,072 halal meals from U.S. stocks to Pakistan and another 51,840 meals are on the way today.

Gen. Duncan McNabb, the head of U.S. transportation command, arrived in Islamabad Monday on a prescheduled visit and his plane brought 12,288 more Halal meals. Seven U.S. helicopters are aiding in the relief effort and have delivered more than 11,000 pounds of supplies and rescued at least 733 people, according to U.S. officials.

On the rivers, the U.S. has deployed four Zodiac inflatable rescue boats that can provide water for about 10,000 people and seven prefabricated steel bridges to replace bridges that have been washed away.

According to the State Department's figures, by Monday morning there were 500,600 displaced persons in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPk) province and another 200,000 near Mianwali, Punjab. The KPk provincial government estimates that some 800 people have died in the floods, with another 358 injured and 129 lost or missing.

The World Food Program has sent out an emergency relief call for $30 million and the U.N. Refugee Agency (UNHCR) is also raising money to help flood victims. (You can donate $10 by texting SWAT to 50555. The money will go directly to Pakistani flood relief.)

"Every $10 helps provide tents and emergency aid to displaced families. When prompted, reply with YES to confirm your gift," a UNHCR press release said.

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Sunday that the United States is working closely with the Pakistani government on relief efforts and that the U.S. would ensure that donated money reached those in greatest need.

"The Pakistani people are friends and partners, and the United States is standing with them as the tragic human toll mounts from flooding in northwest Pakistan. Our thoughts and prayers are with all those who have lost loved ones or have been displaced from their homes -- and we are taking action to help," she said.

Daniel Berehulak/Getty Images