The Cable

New report rips oversight of Afghan war

The government investigators and auditors who are supposed to be looking for waste, fraud, and abuse of American taxpayer dollars in Afghanistan received a failing grade in a new government investigation of their own activities.

The scathing report on the work of the Office of the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) comes after months of congressional angst over what certain lawmakers see as the organization's shoddy work product and failure to fulfill its obligations to oversee the billions of dollars being appropriated each year for Afghanistan reconstruction.

"In our view, the safeguards and management procedures in this organization did not provide reasonable assurance of conforming with professional standards in the conduct of its investigations from the inception of SIGAR to April 16, 2010," wrote the Council of Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency (CIGIE), which serves as an oversight board of all inspectors general in the U.S. government.

The report now goes to Attorney General Eric Holder, who will determine whether SIGAR will be stripped of its investigative powers, such as the power to make arrests, issue warrants, carry firearms, etc.

The oversight panel cited 10 major ways in which SIGAR, led by Special Inspector General Arnie Fields, was not conducting investigations in the proper way.

"In sum and substance, there were nearly no official investigative policies and procedures in place prior to March 2010 and, therefore, no investigative activities in compliance therewith," the report stated, adding that what policies were in writing were copied directly from the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction (SIGIR), SIGAR's older (and apparently more competent) sister organization.

According to the report, SIGAR's investigators also didn't have the proper training and there were no clear quality standards for investigations,

Fields responded in a letter that the newness of his office and delays in funding were to blame for the poor performance.

"It wasn't until the summer of 2009 that SIGAR received adequate funding to begin fully staffing its directorates. Consequently, I have been behind the curve in building the capacity necessary to address my investigative mandate," he wrote, claiming he was already addressing the problems.

In a concurrent but separate review of SIGAR's auditing work, the oversight group gave SIGAR the rating of "pass with deficiencies," and criticized the quality assurance, planning, record keeping, and reporting of SIGAR's audit directorate, run by the assistant inspector general in charge of audits, John Brummet.

Criticisms of SIGAR's auditing are not new. A memo circulated by Hill staffers earlier this year outlined the shortcomings of several of the organization's audits. And Sens. Claire McCaskill, D-MO, Tom Coburn, R-OK, and Susan Collins, R-ME, wrote a letter last December calling for someone to look into SIGAR's operations.

Fields himself asked CIGIE to perform the peer review in this February letter, but most insiders believe he was just trying to head off congressional concerns. Now, some in Congress are calling for his ouster.

"This report proves that SIGAR's performance is inept. It is time for a house-cleaning at SIGAR, including new leadership," McCaskill said in a statement.  "For the sake of our soldiers and the American taxpayer, time is of the essence."

The United States has committed $51 billion to Afghanistan reconstruction since 2001, and plans to raise the amount to $71 billion over the next year, according to the AP.

The Cable

Obama’s Sudan envoy: Bashir indictment makes my job harder

As Sudan speeds toward a January referendum that could lead the splitting of the country or, in the worst case, all-out war, President Obama's special envoy is complaining that his job has been made more difficult by new charges leveled against the Sudanese president.

On Monday, the International Criminal Court issued a second arrest warrant for Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, this time on three counts of genocide. In March 2009, the ICC had indicted Bashir for five counts of "crimes against humanity." The Obama administration has always said that war criminals should be brought to justice, but at the same time is pursuing a policy of engagement with Bashir's government while avoiding direct contact with the Sudanese leader himself. On Tuesday, Obama said he was "fully supportive of the ICC."

But the president's point man on Sudan, retired Maj. Gen. J. Scott Gration, said this week that the new charges will have a damaging effect on his ability to work with Bashir's government. Speaking at the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom Tuesday, he expressed dissatisfaction with the ICC's latest move.

"The decision by the ICC to accuse Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir of genocide will make my mission more difficult and challenging especially if we realize that resolving the crisis in Darfur and South, issues of oil and combating terrorism at a 100 percent, we need Bashir," Gration was quoted as saying by Radio Sawa, an Arabic language radio station run by the U.S. government.

"Also [regarding] the issues of citizenship and referendum, the North holds a lot of influence, so this is really tough. How will I carry out my duties in this environment?" he reportedly asked.

This isn't the first time Gration has gone off message since he became special envoy, beginning with the time he likened the administration's engagement policy toward Khartoum to giving out cookies and gold stars to children.

Last June, ABC News reported that U.S. ambassador to the U.N. Susan Rice was "furious" when Gration said that Darfur was experiencing only the "remnants of genocide." The State Department quickly confirmed that its official position is that genocide is ongoing.

White House officials, beginning with President Obama himself, have been trying to make it clear that they support the ICC's action, notwithstanding Gration's complaints.

"My view is that the ICC has put forward an arrest warrant. We think that it is important for the government of Sudan to cooperate with the ICC," Obama said in a Tuesday interview with the South African Broadcasting Corporation. "We think that it is also important that people are held accountable for the actions that took place in Darfur that resulted in, at minimum, hundreds of thousands of lives being lost ... We want to move forward in a constructive fashion in Sudan, but we also think that there has to be accountability, and so we are fully supportive of the ICC."

Antony Blinken, Vice President Joe Biden's national security advisor, reiterated the administration's support for the ICC ruling in remarks Thursday at conference at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Many in the Sudan advocacy community have been increasingly unhappy with Gration, based on what they see as his unwillingness to put real pressure on Bashir's government and his penchant for making statements that seem to contradict those of his superiors.

"Setting aside issues of accountability and justice and debates about justice versus peace, the special envoy's public statement was, simply put, alarmingly off-message," wrote Amanda Hsiao on the website of the Enough Project, an anti-genocide advocacy group. "This divergence of views, between the Obama administration and its appointed special envoy, has made depressingly clear-once again-the degree of divisiveness and lack of coordination among the actors entrusted with implementing U.S. policy on Sudan."

"It's unfortunate on the day that president obama spoke so forcefully about the importance of peace with justice, his special envoy backtracked the president's sentiment in the Sudan context and further undermined US credibility in the pursuit of peace in Sudan," Enough's CEO John Prendergast told The Cable.

The State Department, meanwhile, has tripled its presence in Southern Sudan, bringing in former Ambassador to Gabon Barry Walkley to lead the effort to work with the Southern Sudanese ahead of a potential split.

"The issues that are most troubling right now are issues with carrying out the referendum," Gration said in a Wednesday speech at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, explaining that the logistics of organizing the event are enormously complicated. If the South does vote to secede, the new state will face huge challenges, such as establishing a currency, controlling its air space, restructuring its debts, and sharing oil and other resources.

Gration did admit one failure of the U.S. policy toward Sudan. "We haven't made a difference in the lives of the Darfurian people," he said.

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