The Cable

Is Holbrooke really a 'wounded animal'?

Gen. Stanley McChrystal might think Special Representative Richard Holbrooke is "like a wounded animal," as his aides apparently told Rolling Stone magazine, but diplomatic and administration sources tell a different story; Holbrooke is as strong and as involved as ever in the administration's dealings in Afghanistan and especially Pakistan -- and he is not going anywhere any time soon.

"Holbrooke keeps hearing rumors that he's going to get fired, so that makes him dangerous," one of McChrystal's aides reportedly said in the Rolling Stone profile. The general is headed to Washington now to attend Wednesday's White House strategy session, "to explain to the Pentagon and the commander in chief his quotes in the piece about his colleagues," an administration official said.

Holbrooke will not be in the room, still on his trip to Afghanistan and Pakistan, where in between getting shot at, he held some very high-level meetings with senior Pakistani leaders.

Diplomatic sources said that Holbrooke, who took his activity largely out of the public eye following an open dispute with Afghan President Hamid Karzai following last year's presidential election, is experiencing a quiet resurgence inside the administration, taking a lead role in dealing with Pakistan as National Security Advisor Jim Jones is tied up with so many other issues.

Jones made efforts to travel quietly and avoid making headlines. This is the lesson Holbrooke has learned, foreign officials say, and as a result his influence is increasing. Administration sources argue that Holbrooke's engagement never waned -- just the perception of his role due to the lack of public appearances that could be covered by the press.

"Insiders say Obama's envoy -- a talented diplomat and notorious jerk -- has lousy relations with Afghans and Pakistanis alike," the Rolling Stone article said. "Why he's staying: White House fears a ‘tell-all' more than his diplomatic blunders."

But one Pakistani government official said that Holbrooke's just-completed trip to Pakistan showed he has constructive relations with that government. Holbrooke went to tackle some very sensitive issues, including the Obama administration's request for more counterterrorism cooperation from Pakistan, the drive to increase American intelligence and diplomatic presence on the ground there, and the related need to make continued progress on visas for American officials and aid workers, which are currently being held up the Ministry of Interior.

The Pakistanis, in turn, asked Holbrooke for the release of $1.3 billion of "coalition support funding" - reimbursals for Pakistani military and intelligence operations -- that they say they are owed.

Holbrooke has also become a key go-between in the dispute between Congress and the Pakistani government over how exactly to disperse $7.5 billion of new aid to Pakistan that was approved last year by Congress. Sen. John Kerry, a cosponsor of the legislation providing the funding, has been sending letters to Holbrooke asking him to make sure there is transparency and accountability on the funds and Holbrooke has been assuring Kerry that will be the case.

Holbrooke is also helping to lay the groundwork for Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's trip to Afghanistan and Pakistan. That trip hasn't yet been announced, but will take place in late July.

Experts say Holbrooke's long, personal relationship with Clinton affords him a measure of job security. And his involvement in the joint Afghanistan-Pakistan effort to figure out how to engage the Taliban also makes him indispensable in the near term.

"Holbrooke is very deeply invested in the idea of a reintegration program," said Teresita Schaffer, director of the South Asia Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

 "He is still the center of the universe on decisions in the U.S. government as far as Pakistan is concerned," Shaffer said.

Clinton's trip will mark the culmination of the first phase after the U.S.-Pakistan strategic dialogue, which took place in Washington last month. U.S.-Pakistan meetings have continued since then, and have included sessions led by Assistant Secretary of Defense Chip Gregson, Assistant Secretary of State Kerri-Ann Jones, National Security Council Senior Director David Lipton, and Undersecretary of State Maria Otero.

Upcoming U.S.-Pakistan dialogue sessions will include Ambassador for Global Women's Issues Melanne Verveer, Counterterrorism Coordinator Dan Benjamin, Justice Department Deputy Assistant Attorney General Bruce Schwartz, Under Secretary of State for Arms Control Ellen Tauscher, and others.

AFP/Getty Images

The Cable

Briefing Skipper: Holbrooke under fire, Gaza, Iran, FIFA, fusion

In which we scour the transcript of the State Department's daily presser so you don't have to. These are the highlights of Friday's briefing by spokesman P.J. Crowley:

  • Ambassador Richard Holbrooke's V-22 Osprey came under fire when trying to land in Marja, Afghanistan Monday. There was a 10 minute gun battle and even explosions after his plane took off. Holbrooke reportedly shrugged off the attack, saying, "I've been shot at in other countries, a lot of other countries." Crowley downplayed the incident. "While they were airborne, they were aware of small-arms fire below in the general vicinity of Marja, but it did not affect the airplane itself," he said.
  • Crowley read aloud from the Quartet statement on the Israeli decision to ease restrictions on the flow of goods to Gaza. ""The Quartet reaffirms that the current situation in Gaza, including the humanitarian and human- rights situation of the civilian population, is unsustainable, unacceptable, and not in the interests of any of those concerned," the statement began. It praised the decision, pledged to work for implementation, and gave a nod to Israel's security concerns.
  • The U.S. is taking some credit for the easing of the blockade, something they've been working with the Israelis on for months, well before the flotilla crisis and the threat of a UN investigation. "Now comes the hard part of actually implementing, you know, this policy and -- and in the process, you know, working effectively with the Palestinian Authority to increase the flow of people and goods between Gaza and the West Bank," Crowley said. He declined to say whether after the changes were made the situation would then be "sustainable."
  • Meanwhile, the State Department is "concerned" about the mayor of Jerusalem's decision to demolish a bunch of Arab homes in East Jerusalem. "We understand that this is an action undertaken by the municipality of Jerusalem, not the government of Israel," Crowley said, "But this is expressly the kind of step that we think undermines trust that is fundamental to making progress in the proximity talks and ultimately in direct negotiations."
  • Secretary of State Hillary Clinton will meet with Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak either Wednesday or Thursday, part of the preparation for the visit of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in a couple of weeks. They are sure to discuss how to handle the next flotilla, this one coming from Lebanon.
  • Clinton spoke Monday with Japanese Foreign Minister Katsuya Okada as part of the U.S.-Japan reset after the fall of Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama. They covered all the major issues and the call lasted exactly 17 minutes.
  • Crowley criticized Iran's expulsion of two inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency. "This will not engender or encourage the international community to believe that Iran's program is peaceful in nature," he said.
  • The State Department will no lodge a formal complaint over the controversial disallowed goal that cost the U.S. national football team a win against Slovenia. "There are a number of things I don't think that we do here at the State Department," Crowley said, "Currency re-evaluation is one of them, and getting in the middle of controversies over sporting events, including the World Cup, is another."
  • Marzuki Darusman is the new special U.N. rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the DPRK, replacing Vitit Muntarbhorn, who left after becoming the first rapporteur and serving out his six year term. "The United States hopes the North Korean government will grant Mr. Darusman access to North Korea to observe conditions inside the country and hold direct discussions on human rights issues," Crowley said.
  • As for North Korea's contention that they have made progress toward a nuclear fusion reactor, Crowley said, "I think we are very skeptical of that claim."